Thesis on an Assessment of Cyclone Shelter Information, Shelter Facility Analysis

 An Assessment of Cyclone Shelter Information, Shelter Facility Analysis: A Case Study Of Sidr Affected Sarankhola Upazila

Around 55 percent of the coastal population lives within 100 kilometers of the 710 km long costal belt of Bangladesh. They are extremely vulnerable to tropical cyclones, tidal, surges and high tide. A severe cyclone hits this population one in every three years but risk of more than one cyclone a year is very high. Cyclones may occur with high winds of over 250 kilometers per hour, storm surges of over seven meters high. The impact is very high on life, property and livelihood. The country accounts for 60% of the total 251.384 global deaths associated with tropical cyclones during 1980-2000.
Cyclone shelter is the most important element of any disaster. Sharankhola Upazila under Bagherhat District is the most vulnerable area heated by Sidr in 2007. When Sidr heated in 2007 in this area this the cyclone shelters was 53 which was not sufficient. 35,000 people to please under the cyclone shelter in that time.

At the present time total cyclone shelter raised to 67. Cyclone shelter is built by GO and NGO collaborators. This yclone shelter is a multi-storied building that, They can also be used as local government offices, schools or health centres. Newer shelters may have a 'killa' (raised platform for livestock) nearby. According to a government estimates, around 1.5 million people took refuge in cyclone shelters when Cyclone Sidr hit the coast of Bangladesh in November, 2007. cyclone shelters and the very effective early warning system helped limit the number of fatalities, to around 3,500. This is still 3,500 too many but a small fraction of the loss incurred in 1991 when some 140,000 lives were lost due to the less effective early warning system and lack of shelters. The multi-purpose cyclone shelter is a concrete example of indigenous adaptation to extreme climatic events in Bangladesh. Cyclone shelter provides water, surges to follow underneath and can provide shelter to 500-700 rural people, local government and disaster maintenance committee is responsible.

Bangladesh covers 700 km costal area where-Live 3 corers people. In which more than 20 to 70 percent people live on risk. For these people we need 30 thousen cyclone shelter. Medium to rich people give shelter to their strong houses. To ascertain this aspects, 5000 cyclone shelter should be constricted for the very poor people in costal area. In a survey of 2008-2009 it is seen that, there are 2853 cyclone shelter in costal area. Disaster management and Department compressive Disaster management Programme helps build this report by CEGIS 2009 we know that disable to use shelter number is 262.
The study area Sarankhola is located in a cyclone and flood hazard prone area. Beside cyclone, Sarankhola also faces the hazards created by storm surge and high tide. Every year high tides because huge damage to this area Floods mostly affect Sarankhola. The devastating floods of 2004 and Sidr 2007 caused huge damage to this area. Tornado with less intensity also occurs in Sarankhola. Most of the houses in Sarankhola are kutcha houses, which are made of bamboo, tatch, wood, tin (Cl sheet) etc. These are the traditional houses built in the coastal region of Bangladesh with low height roofs to get protection from the gusty wind there.
 
Although located in a cyclone prone area, this locality didn’t face any major cyclone. As a result people of this area are not that much concerned about any damage that may arise due to such natural calamity.

Vunlerability of Saran Khola Upazila under Bagherhat District’s people is constructed by fragile structure of houses and unavailability of buildings resistant to surges and winds, which are among the key reasons for cyclone related deaths. Likewise people do not have appropriate cyclone resistant animal sheds to keep their livestock, which are among the most valuable assets of the people. To address the problems, the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) started building cyclone shelters following the 1970 cyclone which killed half a million people. A typical cyclone shelter is a multi-storied concrete building that allows water surges to flow underneath and can provide temporary shelter to 500-700 people. Killas were built by the BDRCS and GoB by raising the ground using earth above the likely surge level to create a space for domestic animals to take shelter.

Statement of the Problem:
The policy of our Government is to overall development of the rural areas. Where rural development is associated with the improvement of Cyclone Shelter? Planning for Cyclone Shelter in case of our rural peple is not getting much importance yet. As a result, these people still remain in deprivation. The majority of the people fail to seek out environmentally sustainable Cyclone Shelter with adequate service facilities with their own effort.

The whole southern sides face the Bay of Bengal where cyclone and tidal surges originate. The funnel shape of the bay of Bengal is mainly responsible for occur these disaster. So the damage to the Cyclone Shelter in the coastal belt is recurring every year.

The main weakness of many of these Cyclone Shelter is the fact that the foundation is not firmly anchored to the ground. This causes houses to be lifted up or blown away by cyclones. Another major weakness is the fast deterioration of traditional building materials like bamboo and wood; is extensively used in the construction of indigenous houses. The woods in the most houses are of very poor quality. This result in shrinkage; warp, making theses susceptible to fungi attack. On the other hand, a sizeable number of local people are unable to construction of their Cyclone Shelter for lack of capital, high cost of buildings materials, family sizes is generally beyond manageable limits with respect to income, lack of education and proper knowledge. Following are the key process of management and maintenance of shelter and Kill as:

Ø Assess condition of and threat to the shelter on a regular basis;
Ø Establish reporting mechanism on status of the condition;
Ø Prevent harmful activities that may affect the condition and identity of shelter and kill as;
Ø undertake improvement, up-gradation, expansion, modification of the shelter and kill as in the context of growing population and increasing disaster risk.
Ø Authorize uses of shelter for community development purpose during non-disaster time and removal of un-purposeful occupancy, and
Ø Declaration of redundancy of shelter when it is proved to be unsafe for the people to take shelter.


Aim and Objectives:
The goal of this study is to assess the policy and management of Cyclone Shelter in Sharankhola Upazilla under Bagerhat District. The specific task is to determine the provision of Cyclone Shelter if there is certain policy in the users Sharankhola Upazilla under Bagerhat in different plans of different years.

The Specific Objectives of fulfill the aim of the study:
1) Assess the cyclone shelter capacity and location aspect.
2) Analysis the facility aspects of the cyclone shelter.
3) Facilities Analysis of shelter users.
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