Assignment on Relationship between Anxiety and Diabetes

One of the most common and emerging problems of people in high-paced society is dialects. Now a day’s many people are suffering from diabetes. The present study investigated the possible relationship between anxiety and diabetes. Also it explored the difference of anxiety between male and female. A total of 120 adults were included in the sample by incidental sampling method of them 60 (35 male & 25 female) were diagnosed as diabetes patients by visiting BIRDEM and the rest 60 (35 male & 25 female) reportedly did not suffer from any diabetes problems. Anxiety Scale for Bangladeshi population (Deeba & Begum, 2004) was administered to measure the level of anxiety. The results revealed that diabetes and non-diabetes groups differed significantly (f=37.16, p<.05) in mean anxiety score (96.20 & 23.45 for diabetes & non-diabetes groups, respectively). However, mean anxiety scorers of different groups also differenced significantly (t = 2.07, p<.05) as a function of male and female. In fine, we can concluded by suggesting that the more we are anxious the more we are susceptible to developing diabetes.
All of us, at one time or another, experience anxiety. Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension or tension in reaction to stressful situation there is nothing wrong with such anxiety. Everyone feels it to some degree, and usually it is a reaction to a stress that helps rather than hinders our daily functioning. But some people experience anxiety in such situation where there is no such external reason. When anxiety occurs without eternal justification and begins to impede people’s daily functioning, is considered as a psychological problem known as Anxiety Disorder. The term anxiety is defined in different way. It is defined as “A vague, unpleasant emotional state with q3ualities of apprehension, dread, distress and uneasiness” (Reber, 1995). Some of the more common signs and symptoms of anxiety disorders are feelings of fear of dread, trembling, restlessness, muscle tension, rapid heart rate, lightheadedness or dizziness, perspiration, cold hands/ fact and shortness of breath. Anxiety can make our body more susceptible to various disorders. But in this study our concern is diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic diseases. Metabolic diseases caused by the declining of the hormone named insulin in our body. For this reason, the amount of glucose is increased in blood and one time it is flowed with urine. The total process is called diabetes. In this diseases the amount of glucose is increased permanently in blood. In a fully recovered person’s plasma of blood, the amount of glucose is under 6.4 ml mole in empty stomach and is under 7.8 ml mole after two hours of taking food. If the amount of glucose is 7.8 ml mole in empty stomach or 11.1 ml mole after two hours of taking 75 g glucose, diabetes can be marked (The guide book of Bangladesh Diabetic Society) peoples who experience high levels of stress seem to be more susceptible to diabetes than who do not (Sarafino, 1998).

Physiological effects of the early stages of stress, noting in particular its activating effect on the sympathetic nervous system, which mobilize our resources during times of threat or danger by activating internal organs to prepare the body for immediate action either fight or flight. The activity of the condocrine system increases when we are stressed, primarily, through the activation of the HYPAC (Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal-cortical) axis. Down the HYPAC axis, the pituitary gland activates the adrenal gland, which secreted among other thing, the ‘Cortisol’. Because of their close relationship to the stress response, cortisol & other related hormones are known as stress hormones (Barlow, 1999). Thus emotional stress or worry can stimulate diabetes. More recently, studies have indicated that a broader range of diseases may be related to stress.

Emotional stress or worry can stimulate diabetes. There is much evidence to suggest that many physical symptoms may indeed be brought on or aggravated by emotional factors, prolonged or severe stress can lead to physiological disorganization of the body. One aspect of which is a increasing susceptibility to infections and other physical disorders.

We now recognize that the human organism must be viewed as a totality in which physical & emotional factors constantly interact. Every so-called physical & emotional factors constantly interact. Every so-callled physical disorder may have a strong emotional component. Thus, people seem less resistant to the common cold when they are under stress or suffering unusual emotional duress. Moreover, many doctors have observed that their patient’s emotional health significantly affects their ability to recover from a physical illness (Haber & Runyon, 1984). Clearly the physician of today must stress more than merely the physical aspects of disease. Emotional factors should receive at least equal consideration (Haber & Runyon, 1983).

One of the most demanding and stress jobs is that of an air traffic controller. They must remain alert and vigilant at all times. A momentary lapse can spell disaster. No matter how careful they are the possibility of an accident always exists. Air traffic controllers suffer from an alarmingly high rate of ulcers (Habber & Runnyon, 1984).

The pressures and responsibilities of today as well as uncertainties about tomorrow keep many of us in a chronic state of anxiety. How many physical aliments is direct result of this unrelieved stress that is so much a part of our everyday lives? There are certain physical disorders in which stress plays a key role. These are known as psychosomatic disorders and include such conditions as ulcers asthma, headaches, hypertension and heart disease (Haber & Runyon, 1984).

What is the evidence for the view that all illness may in part stress related? For years it has been known that various physical diseases can be produced in laboratory animals by exposure to severe stressors. Usually the diseases produced in such studies were the classic psychophsiological disorders such as diabetes. More recently, studies have indicated that a broader range of diseases may be related to stress. Sklar and Anisman (1979), for the example, induced tumors in mice with a transplant of cancerous tissue and then studied the impact of stress-uncontrollable electric shocks-on growth of the tumors. IN animals exposed to electric shock the tumors grew more rapidly, and these animals died earlier.

Diabetes is a metabolic diseases. In recent years, we can see that a large number of people are affecting by diabetes. The people who are conscious and live in town, are testing their blood. They are conscious about diabetes. But there are large number of people who live in village, are not conscious about diabetes. Such kind of people are affecting various serious diseases. But they don’t known that behind their diseases, diabetes is responsible. Behind diabetes, both biological and environmental causes are responsible. But & think anxiety is also a cause of diabetes. So of want to do a research about it.