Research Monograph on Migration and Development-The Case of Bangladesh

Migration, the movement of substantial bodies of people from one location to another in search of improved opportunities of one sort or another, has always been a feature of future behavior. Nevertheless, at the start of the 21st century, it has emerged towards the top of the policy agenda for many developed and developing country governments. The minds of planners and politicians are being taxed by asylum seekers,
undocumented migrants, trafficking, particularly of women and children, and the rapid growth of populations without access to basic services. Underlying these movements is a search for a better life. Because, migration can help to achieve this by associating people more closely with available employment and services. Besides, the money sent back by migrants contribute more to national and local economies than trade in several parts of the developing world. It is certainly substantially greater than flows of development assistance in many countries. For this reason, now-a-days, migration is conceived as a major development enhancing process. Because, it can reduce poverty and be an important livelihood strategy of the poor.
In Bangladesh, migration has long been an important livelihood strategy. Today, both poor and better off people of Bangladesh pursue migration to lead a better life. However, such migration or outflow of people plays a vital and indispensable role in the national economy of Bangladesh. Because, on the one hand, it reduces unemployment and on the other hand, it results in remittance flows to the country which serve as an important source of much needed foreign exchange. The research aims to examine such positive impacts of migration on our economy which consequently expedites the development process of our country.