Thesis on Health and Sanitation Problems of the Slum: A Study of Agargaon Area in Dhaka

This monograph is about health and sanitation problems of the slum of Agargaon area in Dhaka city. In Bangladesh about 20% of the total population lives in urban area. About 40000 people live in slum area in Dhaka city. The slum people depend directly or indirectly on informal sector for their livelihood. The slum people are important part in our society. The slum people serve for our society as a Rickshaw puller, day labor and garment workers. They serve in our society with low income. About 30(83.33%) of the respondents are Rickshaw puller, 3(12.5%) of the respondents are garment workers, 3(12.5%) of the female respondents are home services. Most of the people of slum migrated from rural area. They are unskilled and inexperienced class. Basically, they come to urban area for work and stay in rural area with unemployment. They services in our society but they are deprived from basic rights and their health is very poor for work but they are mainstream worker class in Dhaka city.

They are unconscious about their health. They are suffering from many diseases and they are indifferent to take modern treatment. About 45(75%) of the respondents are taking traditional treatment and 5(8.33%) of the respondents are not taking any treatment, about 34(94.44%) of the respondents are smoker. So they are not perfect worker class in our country. In slum area, they have no private bath place; they have public bath. In Agargaon slum, there are no sanitary toilet even sufficient non-sanitary toilets. In this situation without improving slum people the development of our country is not possible. So GO/NGO organization should take care for their health and increase consciousness about their health and must be given training in modern technology and development of programs so that they are to become perfect and healthy working class. A conscious, sustainable effort is needed to enhance their income producing capabilities.

The study employs quantitative method to offer a deep understanding of role of slum people in their socio-economic situation and problems that facing slum people in their working place.

The research monograph titled Health and sanitation problems of the slum. The research is conducted to find out the health and sanitation problems of slum and try to find out religious and social hindrance that facing when they engaged in work many people are the during the 19th century living condition large Industrial cities were absolutely horrific. Living in the slums means a constant struggle to survive. Housing conditions were terrible many people lived in overcrowded, damp poorly ventilated building with no privet toilet or washing facilities. Sewage ran through the street and polluted the wells from which people collected their drinking water. Not surprisingly disease was widespread of slum with dying from cholera, typhoid. What is less well known however is that living conditions in the countryside during this period were not much better People tend to think that living in the country is much more healthy than living in over crowed and polluted cities, but this was rare true in the 19th century.

Bangladesh the most densely populated country in this world had been enjoying the dubious honor of being poverty superstar for many decades. Despite having rich alluvial soils, about 80% of its population stayed bellows the “moderate” poverty level (food intake bellow 2122k calories). The bottom 45% of the population were not even able to take 1800k calories a day the level recognized as extreme poverty so it is clear that to reduce poverty we showed too involved of the slum people in economic activities and social services sector. The increasing of unemployment in rural area they are migrated from rural to urban area and take selected lower income social services sector. The causes of lower income they cannot livelihood standard and take place slum. The living conditions of slum are very weak. There lack of sufficient drinking water, there no private bathroom. Here open public bathroom their lack of non sanitary and kutcha toilet. There have no sanitary bathroom.

1.1 Outline of the Monograph:
The research about health and sanitation of the slum are discussed by the chapter one. Here the importance of the study, objectives of the research and research hypothesis have been discussed for creating a fulfill research monograph.
In the chapter two, researcher has the research related some significant points for understanding the real condition of health and sanitation scenario in Bangladesh. Through this chapter it is clear to researcher what is condition of health and sanitation in Bangladesh context of global scenario.
In the chapter three, researcher has discussed theory which is related to the research topic. The theories are-
a) Marx and health
b) Weber and health
c) Frued and health
d) Goffman and health
e) Ulrick Bee and health
f) Talcott parson and health
g) Foucault and health
In the chapter four, researcher has discussed the research method. Here all procedure of research has been discussed.
In the chapter five, researcher has discussed about result of the study and here I have discussed some to find out specific results about real condition of health and sanitation and problems of slum.
In chapter six, researcher has discussed the general discussion about finding of the whole research here statistical result has been discussed.
In chapter seven, researcher has discussed the whole scenario of health and sanitation problems of slum people and the presence of slum people in service sector and also given some recommendation to improve their status in family and society.

1.2 Importance of the Study:
About 400-500 families live at Agargaon slum in Dhaka. Most of the male people in that slum are rickshaw puller, worker of construction building, shopkeeper and day labor and most of the women they are housewife, garment workers, home service and other services. They are deprived from many facilities such as health and sanitation, education, recreation etc. so that their economic and social condition is not improved.

1.3 Objectives of the Study:
1. To study health and sanitation problems of slum.
2. To study the social and religious obstacles that discouraged the women of slum to involve in various sectors.
3. To find out the real situation of slum people who are involved in various sectors.
4. To study clear picture of various service sector of slum people.
5. To study slum people participation in decision making who are engaged in various sector.

1.4 Research Hypothesis:
Hypothesis-1, Health and sanitation situation of slum people are very poor.
Hypothesis-2, There are many social and religious obstacles of slum area that discourage women to involve in outside activities.
Hypothesis-3, Socio- economic condition of slum area is vulnerable.
Hypothesis-4, Slum area people have no to participate in decision making.