Assignment on Relationship between Anxiety and Mental Health of Employed and Unemployed adults

The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between anxiety and mental health of employed and unemployed adults. For this purpose, a total 60 participants were selected purposively, where 30 of these were male and another 30 were female. Out of the 30 male respondents 15 were employed and 15 were unemployed whereas out of 30 female respondents 15 were employed and 15 were unemployed. The results were analyzed by Pearson Product Moment Coefficient Correlation and Independent Sample t-Test. Correlational analysis indicated that anxiety and Mental health had positive correlation of employed and unemployed adults. So the relationship between anxiety and mental health of employed and unemployed is significant at the 0.01 level.


Conceptualizations vary for anxiety and mental health. Anxiety is a general state of uneasiness (fear, tension, worry or apprehension) whose cause can be ambiguous. Anxiety is a bodily response to a perceived threat or danger (real or imagined) and it seems to be triggered by an individual’s thoughts, beliefs and feelings. Mental health is used to describe either a level of cognitive or emotional well-being or an absence of a mental disorder. From the perspective of the discipline of positive psychology or holism mental health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life and procure a balance between life activities efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Mental health is the capacity to express our emotion and adapt to a range of demands. The World Health Organization (2005) defines mental health “as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productivity and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”

Anxiety is defined as a state of uneasiness and apprehension about future uncertainties. Anxiety will usually occur after the onset of stress and is a lot like fear. Sometimes anxiety will cause panic attacks, which is characterized as intense feelings of fear and dread that last an average of 30 minutes. Anxiety is linked to activity in the amygdala and hippocampus.

Anxiety is a psychological and physiological state characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components. These components combine to create an unpleasant feeling that is typically associated with )uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry. Anxiety is a generalized mood condition that can often occur without an identifiable triggering stimulus. As such, it is distinguished from fear, which occurs in the presence of an observed threat. Additionally, fear is related to the specific behaviors of escape and avoidance, whereas anxiety is the result of threats that are perceived to be uncontrollable or unavoidable. We all become anxious from time to time. It becomes a problem when it interferes with life in the absence of real threat, or goes on too long after the danger has past. Anxiety is when you feel fearful and tense, for example if you are confronted by an angry person. It can also be a feeling of unease, for example during exams or worrying about an interview.
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