Assignment on The Welfare models of Espying Andersen

How will you discuss The Welfare models of Espying Andersen which model with you consider prominent in Bangladesh, if you find out ? and which one do you consider the best model for the Development of Bangladesh and why?

Welfare refer’s proper well being or quality life of whole people. It refer’s to the range of service which are provided to protect people in a number of condition including childhood, sickness, and old age” (w.w.w2rgu.ac.uk-) there was a long tradition of individual, private or religious welfare system from pre-historical period in Bangladesh. Indian sub-continent was one of the territories ruled by many richest monarchs in the time of monarchism after the second world war and the emergence of nation state concept brought the change in this field and state occupied the welfare system mainly. But a amenable affairs that for the course of British colonial deprivation and resources plundering and Pakistani aggressive deprivation to make noticed the limitless deficiency of resources. In one hand the lack of state noble intention and in other hand the deficiency of resources couldn’t create remarkable un exemplary as atmosphere in the conventional welfare regime of the country. But now-a-days NOG’o are able to fill up the vacuum through their people centric work, skill and transparency.

Definition of welfare state :
Welfare state has grown out of the social needs of the people and organization to e3nsure the will-being of it’s citizens and to use community resources to that end.


Authorized Definition :
(1) According to Esping Andersen
“The state that involves state responsibility for securing some basic modicum of welfare for it’s citizens.
[s-1990, the three worlds of welfare capitalism. Cambridge, polity, press].
(2) According to www.word reference.com/definition. Welfare-
“Welfare state that means “a governmental that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of it’s citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pension’s and unemployment compensation etc.
3) According to www.definition.Welfarestate :-
“Welfare state is a state committed to providing it’s citizens with minimum standards in areas such as house, education and medical services.
There are three main interpretations of the idea of a welfare state :
(a) The provision of welfare services by the state.
(b) An ideal model in which the state assumes primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizen.
(c) The provision of welfare in society.
The Welfare Model of Esping Andersen :-
The three models of welfare state have emerged recently:-
(1) Liberal model
(2) Conservative model
(3) Social-democratic model
[Esping Andersen-G,1990]
Esping Andersen explain his models on the basis of two issue:-
(a) The degree of de-commodification :-
The De-commodification occurs when a services is rendered as a matter of right and when a person can maintain a livelihood with out reliance on the market.

(b) Kind social stratification and solidarities :-
=> Which social stratification system is provided by social policy.
=> Does the welfare state build narrow on broad solidarities.
Now; three model are described details-

(1) Liberal model :
The liberal welfare model emphasizes average assistance model social insurance plans for the clientele of low incomes, usually working class and state dependents. Example-The united state Canada, Australia and Bangladesh also.
Some features of this model :

Here,
(1) Minimizes de-commodification effect
(2) Effectively contains the real of social rights.
(3) Welfare recipients, market-differentiated welfare among the majorities.
(2) Conservative model :-
The conservative model attempts to explain compulsory state social insurance with fairly strong entitlements. The principle of “Subsidiary” of this model indicates that state will intervene when the family’s capacity to, provide services its members is exhausted de-commodification is middle phase.
Examples : Austria, France, Germany and Italy, and Bangladesh also example provident fund.
(3) Social democratic model :-

The third model offer’s a basic and equal benefit to all irrespective of this model is also called universalistic model here, de-commodification is high.
Social democratic was clearly the dominant force behind social reform. Rather then tolerate a dualism between.
1. State and market
2. Working class and middle class
3. Social democrats pursued a welfare state that world promote an equality of highest standards.
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