Assignment on The Ideal Primary Education for Bangladesh

Illiteracy is a curse. It is the root cause of ignorance which frustrates all development work of the country. Our government has laucnhed a campaign to remove illiteracy. It aims at eradicating illiteracy from the country within the next few years. It is said that education is the backbone of nation. In this regard, the primary education is the founding phase where the citizens would grow with a certain vision, quality and competence. Thus, if the primary education system of a country is not well organized, viable and development orientated, the future development of the nation must be constrained by numerous problems and obstacles. The present state of primary education in Bangladesh is riddled with a lot of problems and short comings. It is a matter of hope that our government has already made primary education compulsory.
Present state of primary education:
Bangladesh has made significant progress in primary education in recent years. 97% of school age population in Bangladesh was enrolled in primary schools in the year 2000. The ratio of boys and girls in primary education is 51:49 while the ratio of male and female teachers is 34:66. However, the dropouts over the five year cycle of primary education have declined from 80% in 1970 to 35% at present primary education expenditure per student is $23.

Major problems & issues of primary education:
The primary education in Bangladesh is riddled with a lot of problems. It is mostly centralized, quality of teaching is very low, numerous gaps like rural-urban, boys-girls, formal non-formal etc. are aggravating the problems in education. So, the major problems and issues of our primary education may be cited as under:

1. Government the main provider: Bangladesh has one of the largest centralized systems of primary education in the world. Close to half of the primary schools in Bangladesh are financed and run by the govt. Another quarter is registered as non-governmental primary schools. Non-formal schools operated by NGOs also provide primary schooling to about 3 million children.

Besides, primary education expenditure of $ 23 per student in Bangladesh is considerably lower than that in Pakistan ($ 48), India ($ 42), Sri-Lanka ($43) and China ($42). However, the share of primary education in the total educational budget in Bangladesh is quite high, as 4% of revenue and 50% of development expenditure for education are allocated to primary education.