Assignment on Social status of Disability

A disabled individual is one who cannot make or takes some sensory capacity that the majority of the population has.

Loss or lack of functioning either physical or mental such as blindness, paralysis or mental sub normality, which unlike illness is usually permanent.

· Disability are usually stigmatizing. moreover diabled persons ofter need extra financial and person support and are a key group in social security and welfare programmes. (Oxford dictior ary of sociology)

· Disability is a social and political category in that it entails practices of regulations and struggles for choice, empowerment and rights. (Oliver, 1989 Fulcher 1989)

· Disability is thus a form of opperession which entails social restrietors as oliver has sopowerfully argedi.

All disabled people experience disability as social restriction whether these restrictions occur as a lonsequence of inacessible built. environments, questionable notions of intelligence and social competence, the inability of the general public to use sign language.

Disability is the ‘loss or lack of functioning, either physical or mental, such as blindness, paralysis, or mental sub normality-which, unlike illness, is usually permanent. Disabilities are usually stigmatizing. Moreover, disabled persons often need extra financial & personal support, and are a key group in social security & welfare programmers.

According to World Health Organization -
“Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.”

An individual may also qualify as disabled if he/she has had impairment in the past or is seen as disabled based on a personal or group standard or norm. Such impairments may include physical, sensory, and cognitive or developmental disabilities. Mental disorders (also known as psychiatric or psychosocial disability) and various types of chronic disease may also qualify as disabilities.

Some advocates object to describing certain conditions (notably deafness and autism) as "disabilities", arguing that it is more appropriate to consider them developmental differences that have been unfairly stigmatized by society.

Union of Physically Impaired against Segregation (UPIAS) defines disability as- “The disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organization which takes no or little account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities”.