Assignment on the Role of Women in Governance

Bangladesh is a developing country and has a democratic form of government. Government is a group of people that governs a community or unit. It sets and administers public policy and exercises executive, political and sovereign power through customs, institutions, and laws within a state. One of the most important parts of the government is Women. Women constitute half of the world population. Women are the important and vital part of the governance system. In every sector of the governance women participation is indescribable. But as a developing country Bangladesh is in the lacking of considerable women participation. But it is a matter of hope that now women are taking part in the governance as well as all the important sector of the state.

What is Governance:
Governance is the set of policies, roles, responsibilities, and processes that one can establish it in the specific sector to guide, direct, and control. Every organization has unique needs and goals that will affect its approach to governance. No single approach will fit the cultures or requirements of all organizations. For example, larger organizations will probably require more governance than smaller ones. Parliament is the foundation of democracy and focal point of all national activities. It plays a pivotal role in ensuring good governance of a country. The people of Bangladesh have already created a unique history in winning the independence under the table and dynamic leadership of our great leader.

Women participation in governance

Women in government in the modern era are under-represented in most countries worldwide, in contrast to men. However, women are increasingly being politically elected to be heads of state and government. More than 20 countries currently have a woman holding office as the head of a national government, and the global participation rate of women in national-level parliaments is nearly 20%. A number of countries are exploring measures that may increase women's participation in government at all levels, from the local to the national.

Importance of women participation in governance:

Increasing women’s representation in the government can empower women. Increasing women’s representation in government is necessary to achieve gender parity. This notion of women’s empowerment is rooted in the human capabilities approach, in which individuals are empowered to choose the functioning that they deem valuable

Women, as the conventional primary caretakers of children, often have a more prominent role than men in advocating for children, resulting in a “double dividend” in terms of the benefits of women’s representation. Female representatives not only advance women’s rights, but also advance the rights of children. In national legislatures, there is a notable trend of women advancing gender and family-friendly legislation. This advocacy has been seen in countries ranging from France, Sweden and the Netherlands, to South Africa, Rwanda, and Egypt. Furthermore, a number of studies from both industrialized and developed countries indicate that women in local government tend to advance social issues.] In India, for instance, greater women’s representation has corresponded with a more equitable distribution of community resources, including more gender-sensitive spending on programs related to health, nutrition, and education. In 1954, the United NationsConvention on the Political Rights of Women went into force, enshrining women's equal rights to vote, hold office, and access public services as provided for male citizens within national laws.