Term Paper on problem and prospects of women policing in Bangladesh

Over the past few decades, policing and police officers have changed. Besides male women have worked within our law enforcement system for over one hundred and seventy years. This paper examines the problem and prospects of women in policing and the challenges they have faced. History of women in policing will be presented from the first instances of women being hired as law enforcement to their current status. Research information indicates that, despite high levels of sexual harassment and discrimination, women police officers perform as well as their male peers although their numbers are small within their departments. As a police officer and a student of MPS under the University of Rajshahi, my term paper topic ‘The problem and prospects of women policing in Bangladesh’ is interesting to me. I have conducted my study through review of literature on police-media relation in Bangladesh and a questionnaire survey on police personnel and media people in Narayangong region specially. The questionnaire has been formed with different aspects of problem and prospects of women policing through which I have collected opinion of them. Based on the literature review outcome and the group opinion outcomes of woman policing I have tried to identify the points of problem and prospects of women policing and then to find out the possible remedial measures of it. Statistics of the research outcome are shown in both charts and tables. Police is one of the major and important components of criminal justice system and women Police is important entity in any countries police service. Though it is a challenging profession but instead of some obstacles they are doing well in Bangladesh and all over the world. They can play positive role in the reduction of crime in the society. Bangladesh is a developing country whose society consists of the combination of both open and closed society. The women policing has important effect in developing or restructuring the society of Bangladesh.

In early 1995, according to the study of the National Center for Women & Policing, the positive impact of women in policing, including the reduction of police brutality, the increased efficacy in police response to domestic violence, and the increased emphasis on conflict resolution over force, mandates that we strive for gender balance in policing. Now-a-days participation of women in police service is increasing day by day (Bloch & Anderson, 2010). Women in policing for over 150 years and despite strong resistance by the male-dominated field and public opinion, have challenged traditional and stereotypical perceptions of “authentic” police officers; women have used their talents and abilities in policing to prove their capacity as viable police officers (Price, 1996). In more recent decades, the numbers of women entering policing have increased in USA, it is reported that women now make up about 14.3% of sworn law enforcement positions among municipal, county, and state law enforcement ( Swanson et al, 2008). Now women doing all kinds of Policing such as maintaining peace and tranquility, prevention and detection of crime, foiling subversive activities and sabotage, vigilance against insurgent tendencies and enforcing laws of the land and certain orders of the government (Bachman & Schutt, 2008). Females exhibiting good communication skills are excellent candidates for professions that focus primarily on dealing with the community( Felperin , 2004).Houston Police Chief Elizabeth Watson saying Modern police requires “intelligence, communication, compassion, and diplomacy” and women police have all this criteria and for those reasons they are strong candidates for policing who possesses intellectual aptitude over physical prowess( Police employment.com ,2009 website Women in law enforcement). It is indeed a challenging job for women. women who are police officers not only to manage their policing job but also their family commitments and social barriers (Cowan & Bochantin, 2009).They have transformed their original social worker role in policing only because of their own determination and struggle (Barbara, 1996). They have to go through some problems when they are working as police officers such as inflexible working patterns; social pressures; mens club network; sexual discrimination ;family commitments ;lack of adequate child care ; and spouse/partners attitude (Bony, 2009). Challenges are more or less same for women all over the world (Gerber, 2001). Nevertheless, the path to gender integration in the field of policing is still being fought in everyday situations and several issues still exist within policing because of the attempted gender integration (Jenny Rizo, 2010 ).This term paper however will point out the many strides of female in policing since their inception & discuss the obstacles and to overcome the obstacles. It will also discuss about the prospects of women policing.