Thesis on Condition of Human Rights of Women Garments Workers in Bangladesh: Problems at a glance

The ready-made garment industry has radically changed the lives of millions of Bangladeshi over the last two decades. It has contributed significantly to the economic growth at the macro level as well as reduced poverty rates at the homes hold level. Women in particular, enjoy unparalleled access to gainful employment that the industry provides work to about 2.5 million women, accounting for almost three quarter of formal female wage employment in the country. Cultural modes as well as economic factors pushes of poverty and pulls of the market determine the extent and the forms of female work participation.
The Journey of empowerment of women at a mass level is largely facilitate by this sector. On the one hand these garments have provided an avenue for income, which was clearly in need. On the other hand, the oppression and human rights violation are frequently occurred here.

Therefore, this paper analyzes the situation of human Rights of female garments worker, the extent of empowerment and their contribution of the national development.

Objective of Study
The main objective of this paper is to understand the condition of women worker in the garment sector of Bangladesh and their human rights, development of Bangladesh related laws and lastly attempt to explore that low empowerment leads to change the condition of the garments worker.

The work is done entirely on the basis of secondary source that induce review of books, journals, periodicals research reports and related website. The methodology is purely descriptive and explanatory in nature.

Socio-Economic and educational Profiles of women garment workers in Bangladesh
Available studies indicate that garment workers, particularly female garment workers, are young, unmarried, less educated, of rural origin and from very poor families. Studies further indicate that most women who work in the Government industry had no prior wage work experience. However, some characteristics of women garment workers have changed over time and some of these characteristics differ between female workers employed in the garment factories located in the DEPZ and those located outside the DPEZ. Major socio-economic characteristics of women garment workers are as follows:

Generally the age a limit of women garment workers is up to 40 years. After 1995, workings of child labor forces in readymade garment industries are significantly reduced due to Government, BGMEA and UNICEF and ILO agreement of eliminating child labor in RMG sector. In 1997 the average age of women garment workers was 20.

Marital Status
In readymade garment industries marriage is considered the main constraint of the employer as well as the employee, but still there are about 38 percent of women workers are married and rest of them are unmarried, divorced, widowed or abandoned by their husbands.

Level of Education
Female garment workers are less literate than their male counterpart. Many of them can only sign their name. Literacy rate among female workers (age 15+) is 56.8 that are higher than the total female literacy rate of our country. In some cases women completed secondary and above education and doing better jobs than other women in garment industries.

Migration 83 percent of female workers of garment sector are migrants from rural to urban areas. Women are still migrating to the urban areas especially in Dhaka city to get a job in garment industry.
Poverty There is no question about the poverty of female garment workers in Bangladesh. Rural poverty pushes them to Dhaka city to get a job in garment industry. Their daily income is less than one US dollar, in most cases.
Health and Nutrition The health and nutrition conditions of women garment workers are very poor. Research has shown that over 40% of the female factory workers suffer from chronic diseases such as gastrointestinal and sexual transmitted infections (STIs), reproductive tract infection? (RTIs), menstrual and blood pressure problems, anemia and problems related to family planning . Women workers are not able to take proper nutritional diet due to their poor income.