Assignment on Impact of Water logging in South-Western Region of Bangladesh

This study is concerned with the impact of waterlogging in South-Western region of Bangladesh. The people of the particular region have been suffering from waterlogging for years. The South-Western region of Bangladesh experienced flood in 2000. Since then waterlogging has become a yearly phenomenon. The South-Western region is the most fertile region over the world. The region is unique and sensitive in terms of ecology and environment. River estuaries of the region are the largest fishery and aquatic resource of the country and people of the region have unique traditional expertise and techniques of cultivation. The present study has investigated social, economic, health, gender and ecological impact of waterlogging. Waterlogging disrupts harmony of social life. People have to experience waterlogging up to 8 months of a years. Houses, roads and highways, cultivable lands go under water. People become homeless and hopeless. They suffer from food, drinking water, fuel etc. They can not send their children to schools. People loss their crops, houses, cattle and other wealth. They can not find work and become unemployed. They have to find work outside their own villages. Sometimes they migrate into towns and cites.

It is evident from the study that almost every people of the waterlogged region suffer from various diseases. But they can not get help from qualified doctors. It is also clear that women experience waterlogging differently from man. They suffer from insecurity, health related disorders and psychological disorders, They have to perform extra duties and responsibilities towards families.
Above all the ecological context is greatly hampered for waterlogging. The extinction in fish and vegetables, decline in land fertility and salinity intrusion are the major focus areas. The study is also concerned with governmental initiatives in its causes and management.

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