Assignment on Power Elite Model and its implication on recent North Korean Missile Launch

North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of korea (DPRK) is a state in East Asia. It is occupying the northern half of the korean Peninsula covering an area of 120,540 square kilometers. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang. The korean demilitarized Zone serves as the buffer area between North korea and South Korea. North korea shares land borders with people’s Republic of China and Russia to the north. To its west are the yellow sea and korea Bay, and to its east lies Japan across the sea of Japan. The highest Point in North Korea is Paektu-san Mountain at 2,744 meters. The longest river is the Amnok River which flows for 790 kilometers.

Government and Politics
North korea’s independence was declared March 1, 1919. Liberation was in August 15,1945 and the formal declaration was september 9,1948.

North Korea is a self-reliant state developed by Kim II Sung “The founder of North korea and the country’s first president and former leader. Juche became the official state ideology in 1972, when the country adopted a new constitution, though Kim II-Sung had been using the ideology of form policy since 1963. Though nominally a socialist republic, it is widely considered by the outside world to be a de facto authoritarian/totalitarian Stalinist dictatorship. The current leader is kim Jong-iI, the late president Kim II-sung’s Son. Kim Jong-il is the Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea. The legislature of North Korea is the Supreme People’s Assembly, currently led by President Kim Yong-nam. The other senior government figure is premier kim yong-il.
North Korea is a single party state under a united front led by the Korean Worker’s Party.
The background of North Korean Missile launch
On October 9,2006 North Korea conducted its first nuclear test Taepodong-2 and a taepodong-1 launched in 1998. The blast was smaller than expected and US officials suggested that it may have been an unsuccessful test or a partially successful fizzle. North korea has previously stated that it has produced nuclear weapons and according to U.S. intelligence and military officials it has produced, or has the capability to produce up to six or seven such devices.

on March 17,2007, North korea told delegates at international nuclear talks it would begin shut down preparations for its main nuclear facility. This was later confirmed on July 14, 2007 as International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors observed the initial shut down phases of the currently operating 5 MW yungbyon nuclear reactor, despite there being no official time line declared. In return the reclusive nation has received 50,000 tons of heavy fuel oil shipped from South Korea. The old small nuclear reactor is permanently shut down. North Korea will receive the equivalent of 950,000 tons of fuel oil when the six nation talks reconvene. A break through talks held in September 2007 and hastening the end of North korea’s nuclear program. North korea was to “disable some part of its nuclear facilities” by the end of 2007.

The details of such an agreement are due to be worked out in session held in the People’s Republic of China which will involve South korea, China, Russia and Japan.

On June 27, 2008 North korea destroyed a water cooling tower at its nuclear facility in Yongbyon. It has been reported that without the cooling tower, North korea cannot create plutonium. The New York times reported that the tower is a technically insignificant structure and easy to rebuild. The implosion was hailed as a symbolic way of showing that north korea is committed to ending its nuclear program.
It was reported on January 17,2009. That North korea had weaponized around thirty kilogram of plutonium. A U.S. Scholar visiting North Korea around that time was informed by Pyongyang that they are enough plutonium to sustain four or five nuclear bombs.