Assignment On The recent Middle East crisis and Role of UN

The Arab revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests that has been taking place in the Arab world since 18 December 2010. To date, there have been revolutions in Egypt; a civil war in Libya; civil uprisings in Bahrain, Syria, and Yemen; major protests in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, and Oman as well as on the Israel; and minor protests in Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Western Sahara. The protests have shared techniques of civil resistance in sustained campaigns involving strikes, demonstrations, marches and rallies, as well as the use of social media, such as Face book, Twitter, and YouTube, to organize, communicate, and raise awareness in the face of state attempts at repression and internet censorship. It was sparked by the first protests that occurred in Tunisia on 18 December 2010 following Mohamed Bouazizi's self-immolation in protest of police corruption and ill treatment.As of May 2011 demonstrations have resulted in the overthrow of two heads of state: Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia on 14 January following the Tunisian revolution protests, and in Egypt, President Hosni Mubarak resigned on 11 February 2011, after 18 days of massive protests, ending his 30-year presidency , ousting Prime Minister Ghannouchi ,dissolution of the political police, dissolution of the RCD, the former ruling party of Tunisia and liquidation of its assets, release of political prisoners, relations to a Constituent Assembly on 23 October 2011.

In Lebanon Mikati forms a new government supported by the Jordan King Abdullah II dismisses Prime Minister Rifai and his cabinet, in Syria release of political prisoners, End of Emergency Law, dismissal of a Provincial Governors, Military action in Daraa and other areas, resignations from Parliament, resignation of the Government Small defections within Syrian army and clashes among soldiers. In Bahrain, economic concessions by King Hamad, release of political prisoners, dismissal of ministers, GCC intervention at the request of the Bahrain. In Libya, opposition forces seize control of numerous Libyan cities, formation of the UN-mandated NATO, Jordanian, Qatari, Swedish, and Emirati.