Assignment on Religion and Politics- Focus on Freedom of Speech with Two Case-Studies in Bangladesh


This paper attempts to examine Religion and Politics: A Specific Focus on Freedom of Speech with Two Case-Studies in Perspective of Bangladesh. I would like to divide this study into the following sections:
Ø Religion and Politics: A Theoretical Framework
Ø The Notion of Politics and a Linkage between Religion and Politics
Ø Secularism and Islam: The Relationship between State and Islam
Ø Religion often uses for political purpose
Ø Legal Framework of Freedom of Speech
Ø Religion and Politics: A Specific Focus on Freedom of Speech with Two Case-Studies in Perspective of Bangladesh-
Ø Finally, I would like to draw a conclusion on how far Freedom of Speech is Acceptable.
Introduction: The term “Religion” refers to both the personal practices related to communal faith and to group rituals and communication stemming from shared conviction. The term “Politics” may be considered as a strategies and tactics designed to attain the highest feasible level of value satisfaction. Religion and politics is a well linking, discussed and debated issue throughout the world. Freedom of Speech, Expression and Opinion are acceptable and recognized throughout the world protected by some legal framework both national and international. In this study, I would like to focus on Religion and Politics: A Specific Focus on Freedom of Speech with Two Case-Studies in Perspective of Bangladesh

Objectives of this study:
Ø To know and analyze the religious beliefs and practices in life of the people of Bangladesh.
Ø To find out the significance of religious beliefs and practices in life of the people of Bangladesh.
Ø How far religion is logical or appropriate in public life.
Ø Specific focus on the Freedom of Speech in perspective of Bangladesh.
Ø Two relevant case studies on Freedom of Speech
Ø Finally, I would like to draw a conclusion on how far Freedom of Speech is Acceptable.
Significance of this study:
Religion and politics is a well discussed and debated issue throughout the world. In Bangladesh, Religion plays a significant role on personal as well as public life. It also plays crucial role on formulating and implementing public policy. In Bangladesh, religion often usually uses for political as well as personal purpose, used by the government who is in power. Freedom of Speech is the most important ingredients of religion. Freedom of Speech is acceptable and recognized throughout the world. There are some national and international legal frameworks for the protection of the Freedom of Speech throughout the world. At present time, absolute Freedom of Speech is a well debated issue in the world. Freedom of speech is subjects to the exercise of the right to freedom of speech to the restriction necessary for rights and reputation of others and prohibit among others, advocacy of religious hatred.
Methodology of this study:
I would like to collect data and information relating to my assigned topic from both primary and secondary sources of information. In this study, I included two specific case-studies on Freedom of Speech. Qualitative method is the key method in this study. I included an expert interview on my assigned topic to conduct this study. Finally, I would like to draw a conclusion on how far Freedom of Speech is acceptable.
Religion and Politics: A Theoretical Framework

(A) The Notion of Religion:
The study of religion is challenging enterprises which place quite special demands in any discipline. Religion can be defined as a cultural system of commonly shared beliefs and rituals that provides a sense of ultimate meaning and purpose by creating an idea of reality that is sacred, all- encompassing and supernatural. One Dictionary defined the term “Religion” as “the service and adoration of God or a God as expressed in forms of worships, in obedience to the divine commands… and the pursuit of a way of life regarded as incumbent on true believers” (Propane; Sociology; 1971-414).
Religion is commonly regarded as consisting of a person’s relation to God or to gods or spirit. Worship is probably the most basic element of religion but moral conduct, right belief and participation in religious institutions are generally also constitute an element of the religious life as practiced by believers and worshipers and as commanded by religious sages and scriptures. (New Enclopaedia of Britannica; 2002; P. 1016)

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