Term Paper on Women Policing-A Challenging Profession

Women Police is important entity in any countries police service. Though it is a challenging profession but instead of some obstacles they are doing well in Bangladesh and all over the world. They can play positive role in the reduction of crime in the society. Bangladesh is a developing country whose society consists of the combination of both open and closed society. The women policing has important effect in developing or restructuring the society of Bangladesh.

I have conducted my study through review of literature on women policing and a questionnaire survey on police personnel specially in Dhaka region. The questionnaire has been formed with different aspects of challenges of women in policing, their problems and work environment through which I have collected opinion of them and how this problems can be solved. Based on the literature review and the group opinion outcomes of which I have tried to identify the points of challenges of women police and then to find out the possible remedial measures of it. Statistics of the research outcome are shown in both tables and diagram.

As per my research findings, women police have to go through some problems when they are working as police such as inflexible working patterns; social pressures; men’s club network; sexual discrimination ; family commitments; lack of adequate child care ; and spouse/partners attitude. Following recommendations that will help women police services: Recruit a larger number of qualified and motivated women candidates and ensure their admission in the police education system and police service; make the selection process more gender sensitive ; strengthen the professional development of women in the police; make sure that career advancement for women is not limited by formal and informal obstacles; create a welcoming environment. Women making their full contribution to policing. We are still at the beginning of the process of women policing and more needs to be done.

Police is one of the major and important components of criminal justice system. In policing woman is important entity. Now-a-days participation of women in police service is increasing day by day ( Bloch & Anderson, 2010). Women in policing for over 150 years and despite strong resistance by the male-dominated field and public opinion, have challenged traditional and stereotypical perceptions of “authentic” police officers; women have used their talents and abilities in policing to prove their capacity as viable police officers (Price, 1996). In more recent decades, the numbers of women entering policing have increased in USA, it is reported that women now make up about 14.3% of sworn law enforcement positions among municipal, county, and state law enforcement.( Swanson et al, 2008). Now women doing all kinds of Policing such as maintaining peace and tranquility, prevention and detection of crime, foiling subversive activities and sabotage, vigilance against insurgent tendencies and enforcing laws of the land and certain orders of the government (Bachman & Schutt, 2008). Females exhibiting good communication skills are excellent candidates for professions that focus primarily on dealing with the community( Felperin , 2004).Houston Police Chief Elizabeth Watson saying Modern police requires “intelligence, communication, compassion, and diplomacy” and women police have all this criteria and for those reasons they are strong candidates for policing who possesses intellectual aptitude over physical prowess( Police employment.com ,2009 website Women in law enforcement). It is indeed a challenging job for women. women who are police officers not only to manage their policing job but also their family commitments and social barriers (Cowan & Bochantin, 2009).They have transformed their original social worker role in policing only because of their own determination and struggle (Barbara 1996). They have to go through some problems when they are working as police officers such as inflexible working patterns; social pressures; mens club network; sexual discrimination ;family commitments ;lack of adequate child care ; and spouse/partners attitude(Bony,2009). Challenges are more or less same for women all over the world (Gerber, 2001). Nevertheless, the path to gender integration in the field of policing is still being fought in everyday situations and several issues still exist within policing because of the attempted gender integration (Jenny Rizo, 2010 ).This term paper however will point out the many strides of female in policing since their inception & discuss the obstacles and to overcome the obstacles.