Assignment on Biodiversity Depletion

This paper examines the existing trends and situation of biodiversity depletion in Bangladesh. Discusses some of the completed development projects of biodiversity management and also the major causes failure for the implementation of projects. provide and overview of factors and problems of loss of biodiversity and arguing in favor of some recommendations and also for the realization of participatory sustainable management and development of biodiversity.

Biodiversity influences people’s economic, social and cultural development and hence their quality of life; The knowledge, cultural traditions, innovations, and management practices of indigenous communities, and the traditional practices of farmers, and rural communities concerning biodiversity constitute the basis for sustaining both biodiversity and human life. However, biodiversity is being threatened in Bangladesh by the destruction of natural habitats due to the failure to recognize the social, economic, and cultural value of biodiversity. This threat and the concomitant destruction are likely to increase as population growth continues. It is believes that the problem may minimized through effective implementation of ecosystem based conservation of biodiversity involving community peoples.

“Biological Diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are part; it includes diversity within species between species, and of ecosystems (Article II, CBD, 1992). Literal meaning of biodiversity is the diversity of all life forms on earth. This includes the various races and species of all microbes, plants, and animals that live on earth, including their genetic difference, i.e. the gene pool of each species.

Bangladesh is a transitional zone of flora and fauna, because of its geographical settings and climatic characteristics.

This country is rich in fish and aquatic resources, and other biodiversity (Table-1) Bangladesh’s inland water bodies are known to be the habitat of 266.