Urbanization and Crime in Bangladesh- An Empirical study on Dhaka City

This study examines the spatial variability in the distribution of crime specially the relationship among crime and urbanisation. Due to advent of modern technologies and globalization the urbanization process has been boosted in dhaka city. The main objectives of the study were to analyze the interelationship of urbanization and crime, to find out the characteristics of victim of urban crime in dhaka city and to understand the special characteristics of urban crime. It has been tried to identify the impact of rapid growth of urbanization and the relationship of rising crime rate and urban growth in Dhaka city.

It has been observed that most of the women who wre in between 20 to 30 years old were unmarried. It has been found that evening period is more vulnarable to crime, as it gets darker probability increases. The respondents’ life has been been hampered more or less by the fear of crime and they are fairly worried about being victim of crime. Mobile phone theft has become one of the greatest problems to the people. In last one year a majority of the respondents have greatest problem to the people. In last one year a majority of the respondents have become victims of urban crimes. Maximum of the respondent thinks that adult women become more victim of crime than the others and the crime status has increased a little bit in the city in last two years. Slum areas are more crime prone than the higher income areas. As a result it give shelter for a new crime to emerge at the city. According to maximum of the respondents crime rates can be minimised through the effective implementation of existing laws and by the effectiveness of the law enforcing agencies. Civil society participation is very much needed as well government intervention in the elimination of rising crime rate in Dhaka city.

An emerging area of concern in the increasing levels of crime and violence in urban areas. Dhaka city has emerged as a fast growing megacity in recent times. It began with a managable population of 2.2 million in 1975 which reached 12.3 million in 2000. The growth rate of the population during 1974-2000 was 6.9% (UN report, 1998). There is no city in the world, which has experienced such a high growth rate in population during this period. the united nations (1999) describes the rapid.

population growth of this city as 'exceptional'. The growth rate of Dhaka City’s population will also continue to remain high. During 2000-2015 it is expected li° grow at a 3.6% annual growth rate and reach a total population of 21.1 million in 2015. This will put it in 4th position on the list of the world's megacities (UN report, 1999). In our cities the highest delinquency and crime rates are in the slum arc-as, I’m perfectly understandable reasons. Here are the poorest housing conditions, the largest families, the smallest incomes, the worst health problems, and the largest number of homes with parents who have themselves been in trouble with the law, and the least supervision over children.

Urban crime and violence affect all levels of society: the rich and - even more the poor, women and men, and young and old. Urban crime and violence also generate i climate of fear. The fear of crime and violence are 'serious threats to the stability arc social climate of cities, to sustainable and economic development, the quality of life and human rights.